Truck Driver News - Georgia Senate to Reform Direct-Action Lawsuits vs Insurers

Georgia Senate to Reform Direct-Action Lawsuits vs Insurers


In a significant move towards addressing the pressing concerns of truck drivers in the state, Georgia lawmakers are making substantial progress in their efforts to reform the state’s direct-action rule. This rule, which has been in place since the 1930s, allows injured individuals to sue truck drivers’ insurance companies directly. While it was initially intended to ensure that injured parties received fair compensation, it has led to numerous issues, including skyrocketing insurance costs for truck drivers and a reluctance among insurers to provide coverage in Georgia.

Recent Developments

The Georgia statehouse has witnessed a growing movement to repeal the direct-action rule, thanks to the efforts of a special legislative panel formed to address the truck driver shortage and related issues. More than a dozen state senators have sponsored a bill, Senate Bill 426 (SB426), which aims to eliminate the direct-action law.

Georgia Insurance and Safety Fire Commissioner John King has been a vocal advocate for this change. He pointed out that Georgia is one of only four states with a direct-action law, and it exclusively targets the trucking industry. King emphasized that this law needs to be repealed to level the playing field for truck drivers and insurers.

Impact on Truck Drivers

The most immediate impact of the direct-action rule is the financial burden it places on truck drivers. The cost of insurance for truck drivers in Georgia has risen significantly in recent years, creating a competitive disadvantage for them compared to drivers in other states. This increase in insurance costs not only affects individual truck drivers but also has broader implications for the state’s economy.

State lawmakers, including Senate Majority Leader Steve Gooch, have expressed their concerns about the rule’s adverse effects on the trucking industry. Gooch emphasized that addressing this issue is crucial to ensure the competitiveness of Georgia’s trucking sector.

The Proposed Legislation

Senate Bill 426, sponsored by Sen. Blake Tillery, R-Vidalia, is poised to bring about substantial changes. If passed, SB426 will eliminate Georgia’s direct-action law, effectively putting limits on lawsuits filed by individuals injured in truck-related incidents. However, certain exceptions would apply, such as cases involving trucking companies entering bankruptcy.

Lawmakers are optimistic about the legislation’s chances of approval, with Senate Majority Leader Steve Gooch expressing confidence in its success. The bill will start its legislative journey in the Senate Judiciary Committee.

Addressing Broader Issues

The Senate Study Committee on Truck Driver Shortages held four hearings in preparation for the 2024 regular session, examining various aspects of the trucking industry. One key focus was the impact of the truck driver shortage on the economy and supply chains. It was essential to address what was referred to as an “instructional opportunity gap” in training prospective truck drivers.

The Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association (OOIDA) has been active in voicing concerns about the shortage. They have emphasized the need to create incentives for individuals to pursue careers as truck drivers while ensuring that performance standards are met to promote safety.

The committee’s final report also outlined recommendations to improve the trucking industry, including streamlining application processes, supporting veterans in obtaining commercial driver’s licenses (CDLs), educating young adults about truck driver career opportunities, and exploring CDL training programs for inmates nearing release.

One particularly pressing issue highlighted in the report is the need for expanded truck parking options. The panel recommended collaborating with the Georgia Department of Transportation to increase authorized truck parking spaces while discouraging unauthorized parking.

The Economic Impact

The trucking industry plays a pivotal role in Georgia’s economy. It serves as the backbone of the state’s transportation system, facilitating the movement of goods and ensuring the timely delivery of products to consumers. However, the challenges faced by truck drivers and trucking companies have far-reaching consequences for the state’s economic well-being.

The direct-action rule has been a significant factor contributing to the rising insurance costs for truck drivers. As a result, Georgia has found itself at a competitive disadvantage compared to other states. Trucking companies operating in Georgia face higher operational expenses due to these elevated insurance costs, which, in turn, affect the prices of goods transported through the state.

To maintain a healthy and thriving trucking industry, it is imperative to address the issue of insurance costs. The proposed repeal of the direct-action rule through Senate Bill 426 represents a critical step in the right direction. By eliminating this outdated law, Georgia aims to reduce the financial burden on truck drivers and make the state a more attractive destination for insurers and trucking companies alike.

Moreover, the reform efforts extend beyond the direct-action rule. The recommendations put forth by the Senate Study Committee on Truck Driver Shortages address various aspects of the trucking industry, from training opportunities to expanding truck parking options. These measures are designed not only to alleviate current challenges but also to foster long-term growth and stability within the industry.

The Role of Owner-Operators

Owner-operators constitute a significant portion of the trucking industry in Georgia, with approximately 87% of trucking companies in the state being small businesses with fewer than five employees. These independent truck drivers often face unique challenges, including the burden of insurance costs and the need to navigate complex regulations.

The efforts to reform the direct-action rule and improve conditions for truck drivers are particularly beneficial to owner-operators. By reducing insurance costs and streamlining industry practices, Georgia can create a more favorable environment for these small businesses to thrive. This, in turn, contributes to a more diverse and resilient trucking sector, further enhancing the state’s economic stability.

The Legislative Process

While the proposed legislation to repeal the direct-action rule has garnered significant support, it is important to note that the legislative process can be complex and time-consuming. Senate Bill 426, as well as its counterpart in the House, House Bill 271 (HB 271), will undergo a series of steps before becoming law.

As of the current session, neither bill has seen a committee vote. The legislative session began on January 8 and is scheduled to end in late March. During this time, lawmakers will deliberate on various bills and proposals, including those related to the trucking industry.

It is worth mentioning that a similar bill aimed at reforming the direct-action rule was approved by a Senate committee in 2023 but ultimately failed to advance. Therefore, the fate of SB 426 and HB 271 hinges on the collective decision-making process of Georgia’s legislators.


The proposed repeal of Georgia’s direct-action rule represents a significant step forward in addressing the challenges faced by truck drivers in the state. With the support of state senators and key legislators, there is growing momentum to reform this law, which has had adverse effects on the trucking industry and insurance costs.

While Senate Bill 426 is making headlines, it is essential to consider the broader issues surrounding the trucking industry, including the instructional gap, incentives for new drivers, and improved training programs. By addressing these issues alongside the direct-action rule, Georgia can strengthen its trucking sector, promote safety, and enhance its economic competitiveness.

The legislative session is set to continue until March 8, providing an opportunity for lawmakers to implement the recommended changes and usher in a new era for truck drivers in the state of Georgia. As the session progresses, the trucking community and stakeholders will closely follow the developments, hopeful for a positive outcome that benefits both truck drivers and the state’s economy.




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